Research and analysis

Research and analysis on women and the labour market, the pay gap, its causes, and solutions. This section includes statistical information on the gender pay gap in Scotland.

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Close the Gap Working Paper 17: Gender Pay Gap Statistics

This paper is an updated version of Working Paper 16: Statistics published in 2016. It provides the latest gender pay gap statistics for Scotland and revisits the complexities for measuring and reporting on the gender pay gap.

Filename: Briefing17.pdf | File size: 245KB
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MSP briefing for IWD parliamentary debate

A briefing for MSPs for the parliamentary debate on International Women's Day 2017, the theme of which is women in the changing world of work.

Filename: Close-the-Gap-MSP-briefing-for-IWD-2017-debate.pdf | File size: 502KB
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How networks and mentoring can address occupational segregation: What policymakers can learn from WiRES

This report summarises the evidence gathered from a Close the Gap project which developed the WiRES network. It argues that policymakers should use women's networks and mentoring to reduce occupational segregation in male-dominated sectors.

Filename: 1480883421_CtG-How-womens-networks-and-mentoring-can-address-occupational-segregation.pdf | File size: 601KB
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Women and Work: What comes next in a post-referendum Scotland?

Close the Gap Working Paper 13 gives an overview of the implications for women and work in the context of the Scottish independence referendum.

Filename: 1480883185_CTG-Working-Paper-13---Women-and-work-what-comes-next-in-a-post-referendum-Scotland.pdf | File size: 155KB
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Fixing the Leaky Pipeline

A position paper on how reducing occupational segregation in the Scottish renewable energy sector can address skills shortages.

Filename: 1480883000_CTG-Working-Paper-7---Renewables.pdf | File size: 647KB
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Women: The missing link?

A discussion paper on occupational segregation in science, engineering and technology.

Filename: 1480882846_Workingpaper3.pdf | File size: 2808KB
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Briefing - gender and the workplace, June 2016

Close the Gap's briefing to MSPs for the Scottish Parliament debate on gender and the workplace, 29 June 2016

Filename: Close-the-Gap-briefing---Debate-on-gender-equality-in-the-workplace.pdf | File size: 324KB
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Securing Women's Futures: using Scotland's new social security powers to close the gender equality gap

This joint report, produced with Engender, Scottish Women's Aid, Scottish Refugee Council and Carers Scotland, summarises why and how women are affected by social security policy and sets out ways in which new powers can be engaged to increase women’s equality in Scotland. Its recommendations are presented in terms of systemic gender inequalities that dictate the impact of social security policy on women – paid work, unpaid work, domestic abuse and multiple discrimination.

Filename: Securing-Womens-Futures---using-Scotlands-new-social-security-powers-to-close-the-gender-equality-gap.pdf | File size: 531KB
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Gender Equality Pays: The economic case for addressing women's labour market inequality

This paper presents research into the link between gender equality and economic benefit. Its findings show the clear business case for organisations to advance women’s equality in their workforce through measures such as agile or flexible working and increasing women’s representation on boards. The research also examines the impact of tackling gender inequalities on Scotland’s economy.

This paper was written by Emily Thomson, Senior Lecturer, and Naveed Hakeem, PhD student, of Women in Scotland's Economy (WiSE) Research Centre.

Filename: Gender-Equality-Pays.pdf | File size: 358KB
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CTG Working Paper 16: Statistics

This paper is an updated version of Working Paper 14 Statistics published in 2015.
It provides the latest gender pay gap statistics for Scotland and revisits the complexities
of measuring and reporting on the pay gap.

Filename: CtG-Working-Paper-16-Statistics.pdf | File size: 218KB
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Monitoring Scottish public bodies' compliance with PSED in 2013

Close the Gap assessed a sample of public bodies in Scotland to review their compliance with the Public Sector Equality Duty in relation to gender and employment in 2013. This report summarises those findings and makes recommendations to support public bodies to meet future PSED requirements.

Filename: 1450180414_CTG-Working-Paper-12---Monitoring-Scottish-public-bodies-compliance-with-the-public-sector-equality-duty.pdf | File size: 303KB
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Making Progress? An assessment of employers' compliance with the public sector equality duty

This report presents the findings of Close the Gap's assessment of public authorities' compliance with the public sector equality duty in 2015. The assessment looks at a sample of public authorities' reporting of gender-disaggregated employee data, gender pay gap information, mainstreaming, and progress on meeting equality outcomes.

Filename: Making-Progress---An-assessment-of-employers-compliance-with-PSED-November-2015.pdf | File size: 287KB
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Gender and 'Welfare Reform' in Scotland: A Joint Position Paper

This joint position paper on gender and ‘welfare reform’ draws together the multiple ways in which women are penalised by cuts to the benefits and tax credits system, and describes the gender inequality that accounts for these impacts. It also makes a set of recommendations to Scottish Government as it shapes its ‘mitigation’ response to the UK’s ‘welfare reform’ agenda. This paper was produced in collaboration with Engender, Scottish Refugee Council, Scottish Women’s Aid, Scottish Women’s Convention and Zero Tolerance.

Filename: Gender-and-Welfare-Reform-in-Scotland---A-Joint-Position-Paper.pdf | File size: 454KB
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A Widening Gap: Woman and Welfare Reform

Since 2010, £26 billion worth of cuts have been made to benefits, tax credits, pay and pensions. 85% of this has been taken from women’s incomes.
This is a joint report from Engender, Close the Gap, Scottish Refugee Council, Scottish Women’s Aid, and Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations looking at the devastating impact of welfare report on women in Scotland.

Filename: A-Widening-Gap-Women-and-Welfare-Reform.pdf | File size: 345KB
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Close the Gap Working Paper 14- Gender Pay Gap Statistics

This paper is an updated version of Working Paper 11 Statistics published in 2014.
It provides the latest gender pay gap statistics for Scotland and revisits the complexities
of measuring and reporting on the pay gap.

Filename: 1430321086_CTG-Working-Paper-14--Gender-Pay-Gap-Statistics.pdf | File size: 272KB
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CTG Working Paper 11: Statistics

This paper is an update to the previous statistics publication. It provides the latest pay gap figures for 2013 and includes information on how to calculate and report on the gender pay gap.

Filename: CTG-Working-Paper-11---Statistics.pdf | File size: 216KB
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Missing out on the benefits?

Close the Gap commissioned researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University to investigate the extent to which Scottish employers are taking actions to close any gender pay gaps. This brief summarises the findings and discusses the business benefits for employers who take steps to tackle workplace gender inequality.

Filename: 1376469709_MIssingoutonthebenefits-CTG.pdf | File size: 403KB
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MSP briefing June 2012

A briefing for MSPs in advance of the Scottish Parliament debate on 20 June 2012.

Filename: Briefing-on-women-and-work-June-2012.pdf | File size: 377KB
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Jobs for the boys and the girls: promoting a smart, successful and equal Scotland

This is the final report (Scottish component) of the then Equal Opportunities Committee's general formal investigation into occupational segregation. It was published in February 2005 and produced in partnership with Glasgow Caledonian University.

Filename: Occ-seg-Scotland-Final-report-Feb-2005.pdf | File size: 1053KB
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CTG Working Paper 6: Invisible women, employment data collection in Scottish local government

As part of a joint initiative with the STUC Women's Committee, Close the Gap conducted research which was intended to assess the impact of current public spending cuts on women's employment in local government in Scotland, and to determine whether the anecdotal evidence is indicative of a shifting pattern of employment practice. This was done by collating and analysing local government employment data, obtained by submitting freedom of information (FoI) requests to each local authority in Scotland.

Filename: 1374995487_Final-report-April-2012.pdf | File size: 535KB
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CTG Working Paper 5: Statistics

This paper is an update to the previous statistics publication, Working Paper 4. It provides the pay gap figures for 2011 and includes information on how to calculate and report on the gender pay gap.

Filename: Working-paper5.pdf | File size: 624KB
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CTG Working Paper 4: Statistics

This short paper discusses the gender pay gap statistics, how they are generated and why different figures are reported for Scotland and the UK.

Filename: Workingpaper4.pdf | File size: 627KB
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CTG Working Paper 1: Women in Recession: Making Gender Equality a Priority for Economic Recovery

Professor Ailsa McKay and Emily Thomson, from Caledonian Business School, write about gendering economic stimulus packages and interventions into the labour market.

Filename: CTG-Working-Paper-1---Recession-and-recovery---Ailsa-McKay-and-Emily-Thomson.pdf | File size: 632KB
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Valuing Diversity: The business case for gender equality during an economic downturn (Emily Thomson)

This brief position paper outlines the main ‘business case’ arguments for action to close gender gaps in employment and reinvigorates them in light of the current economic downturn in Scotland.

Filename: 1374995619_Valuing-Diversity-CG.pdf | File size: 1049KB
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The relationship between actions to promote gender equality and profit

This position paper, by Emily Thomson (Employment Research Institute) collates and analyses the existing evidence in support of the business case for addressing gender inequality in individual firms.

Filename: 1374995611_The-relationship-between-actions-to-promote-gender-equality-and-profit.pdf | File size: 2281KB

Related publications

Briefing - gender and the workplace, June 2016Briefing - gender and the workplace, June 2016 C

Gender Equality Pays: The economic case for addressing women's labour market inequalityGender Equality Pays: The economic case for addressing women's labour market inequality This paper presents research into the link between gender equality and economic benefit.

How mentoring and women's networks can address occupational segregationHow mentoring and women's networks can address occupational segregation This report for policymakers outlines the evidence base for mentoring and women's networks as a means for addressing occupational segregation.

Public sector equality duty: Guidance for reporting on gender and employmentPublic sector equality duty: Guidance for reporting on gender and employment This guidance provides information to help Scottish public authorities meet the public sector equality duty as it relates to gender and employment.

Securing Women's Futures: using Scotland's new social security powers to close the gender equality gapSecuring Women's Futures: using Scotland's new social security powers to close the gender equality gap This joint report, produced with Engender, Scottish Women's Aid, Scottish Refugee Council and Carers Scotland, summarises why and how women are affected by social security policy and sets out ways in which new powers can be engaged to increase women’s equality in Scotland.

Submission to Economy, Energy and Tourism inquiry into work, wages and well-beingSubmission to Economy, Energy and Tourism inquiry into work, wages and well-being Close the Gap's written evidence to the Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee's inquiry into work, wages and well-being.

Written evidence to the Welfare Reform Committee inquiry into future delivery of social securityWritten evidence to the Welfare Reform Committee inquiry into future delivery of social security Close the Gap's written submission to the Scottish Parliament Welfare Reform Committee inquiry into the future delivery of social security in Scotland, November 2015.

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